The Truth About Hair Loss - Male or Female Pattern Baldness


Hair is the crowning glory of women and men. Some people freak out when they have a bad hair day or find a lot of fallen strands. However, hair loss is normal. What is alarming is the unusual hair loss caused by male or female pattern baldness symptoms.

Normal Hair Loss versus Hair Pattern Baldness

Normal Hair Loss- The head of an adult has around 100,000-150,000 hair. Every day, around 50-100 hairs fall when you wash your hair while showering and brushing. So, don’t worry about hair shedding.

Women are more prone to hair loss because of regular heat styling, frequent hair coloring, pregnancy, and even menopause.



Hair Pattern BaldnessIt has two types depending on the gender of the person – male or female.

1. Male pattern hair loss (MPHL) – also known as androgenetic alopecia. Genetic and DHT or dihydrotestosterone are the main causes.


Male pattern hair loss (MPHL) – also known as androgenetic alopecia. Genetic and DHT or dihydrotestosterone are the main causes.
Male pattern hair loss (MPHL) – also known as androgenetic alopecia. Genetic and DHT or dihydrotestosterone are the main causes.

DHT causes hair follicles’ atrophy which shortens the hair growth cycle. The hair follicles also become paler in color and thinner. And because the growth phase is shorter, the hair follicles remain empty for a longer period of time, thus the lack of hair in some areas.

The receding hairline of men is an indication of this condition. The hair recedes at the front followed by the hair on top of the crown. The balding spots eventually grow larger and connect with each other.  For those afflicted, it usually begins at the age of 20 or 30s. Unfortunately, men notice that their hair is thinning when almost 50% of their hair is gone. The normal period for people to become bald is 15-25 years but some men experience it within 5 years after its initial occurrence.

Other male pattern baldness symptoms are hair shafts breakage, hair loss characterized by hair patches, hair loss associated with scaling, redness, rapid progression, and pain, as well as shedding of hair.



2. Female-pattern hair loss (FPHL) – As a distinct effect of androgenetic alopecia, 40% of women show female pattern baldness symptoms before the age of 50.

The diffuse thinning of hair due to shedding or hair volume reduction causes a bald spot on head of a woman.  The pattern of balding is different from MPHL because of lesser production of androgens in the females’ bodies.

The cause is strongly associated with polygenetic predisposition. The genes are inherited from one or both parents. The real cause is not yet determined. When women with FPHL were tested to determine the androgen level in their bloodstream, the results showed a normal level.

The role of estrogen is also being studied because most women suffer hair loss after menopause. Studies showed that estrogens or lack of estrogens do not cause hair loss because they do not stimulate hair growth.


Recommended Safe Treatments

Topical solutions or Drugs

For men suffering from MPHL, hair loss can be reversed or slowed with medications during its early stage. The US Food and Drug Administration approved Finasteride and minoxidil as safe treatments for it. 

Finasteride prevents the testosterone conversion into dihydrotestosterone in the scalp and other body tissues. Increased hair growth on the scalp is noticeably within 3 months of continued treatment. However, it is found to be more effective in the vertex part rather than the temples and front of the head.

Minoxidil induces the blood vessels dilation which can be contributory to hair growth.

Another product that shows effectiveness is the Ketoconazole shampoo. It contains antiandrogenic properties to arrest the balding effects. The shampoo also improves the seborrheic dermatitis condition which is known to aggravate hair loss. Other treatments that slow down the male pattern baldness symptoms are spironolactone, topilutamide (fluridil), alfatradiol, or spironolactone.


Hair Transplant Surgery

This is recommended for males with an advanced stage of MPHL who want full hair cover on the scalp. Hair transplant employs implanting follicular units in the scalp. They are implanted in close proximity into recipient sites or small incisions.

The hair grafts are obtained through:

  • Follicular unit extraction (FUE) – a strip of skin is extracted and dissected to produce several follicular unit grafts
  • Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) – hairs are robotically (use ARTAS system) or manually extracted

For women with FPHL, treatments are available to treat the female pattern baldness symptoms. However, there is still no cure for the bald spot on head of a woman

It is also important to note that the positive response or hair growth does not apply to all who use the treatment. Some only experience slowing down of hair loss progress.

The most common treatment is minoxidil which is available in 5% and 2% solutions. Do not attempt to use stronger preparation to prevent scalp irritation and undesirable growth of hair on body parts other than your scalp.

Another treatment that significantly improves the growth of hair, enhances hair density, and reduces shedding is combining a low dose of oral spironolactone (25 mg) and minoxidil (0.25 mg) every day. Continue the treatment for a minimum of six months to reap the benefits. Long term treatment will maintain the positive result. Before you stop the treatment, ask your doctor’s approval first.

Hormonal treatment through oral intake of finasteride, flutamide, cyproterone, and spironolactone are found to block the androgens’ effects.

Hair transplant among women is also becoming popular.


Habits That Must Be Avoided

1. Smoking

It can damage the hair follicles’ DNA which results to slow hair growth and induce male or female pattern baldness symptoms.


2. Drinking alcohol

Alcohol consumption is harmful to your health which leads to hair loss.


3. Living a stressful life

Stress affects the health of your hair which leads to hair loss. Develop a more optimistic attitude and manage your stress.


4. Eating unhealthy foods

Stop eating junk foods which contain high amount of sodium and additives. They do not contain essential vitamins, zinc, and iron. Eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and healthy foods nutrients like biotin. You can also use biotin supplements to enhance your hair growth. Consult your doctor first.


5. Stop crash diets

Crash diets are devoid of vital nutrients to sustain the health of the body including the hair. Lack of vitamins and proteins can cause hair loss.


6. Not checking your prescribed medications

One side effect of long medication is hair loss. Consult your doctor for possible alternative or safer option.


7. Combing or brushing wet hair

Wet hair is prone to breakage as well as hair fall. Let it dry naturally first before brushing or combing it to style.


8. Tying your hair tight

Let your hair breath. Do not tie it too tightly to prevent possible breakage and hair fall.


9. Excessive blow-drying

If you are exposing your hair every day in the heat of the blow dryer, stop the habit. Use it occasionally not frequently.



Top 5 Amazon Products That Are Recommended to Address Hair Loss

#1- Men's Rogaine 5% Minoxidil

This product allows regrowth of fuller hair, treat hair loss, and maintain hair density. It is specially formulated with 5% Minoxidil which is believed to boost the regrowth activity of the hair follicles by 25%. It also stimulates the production of hair protein.

Rogaine contains emollient and botanical extracts for healthy scalp while the alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) promotes skin exfoliation. This dermatologist- recommended anti-hair loss foam features Tricho-Prime Technology which creates a healthy regrowth environment.


#2 -Kirkland Signature Minoxidil 5%

This topical treatment produces more hair regrowth within 2 months of continuous usage. It is best to use for the hair thinning on top of the scalp or those experiencing low to moderate hair loss. Expect to experience a little irritation and dry, itchy scalp. Dermatologists recommend this over-the-counter treatment because of its active ingredients that deliver result fast. However, it is intended for men with receding hairline or frontal baldness.


#3 - Natural Hair Growth Oil by Essy

It is packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and other vital nutrients that induce faster hair growth for men and women. It is made of pure, natural ingredients which include Castor Oil, Rosemary Oil, Biotin, and Caffeine. Caffeine stimulates and speeds up the growth of hair follicles. Castor oil promotes stronger, healthier, shinier, and smoother hair.

This gentle oil is safe to use because it does not contain paraben, perfume, triclosan, sulfate, and gluten ingredients.

#4 - Propidren by HairGenics

This revolutionary product is formulated to block DHT or dihydrotestosterone.  It suits both men and women. The Saw Palmetto and other active ingredients effectively prohibit the production of the 5 alpha-reductase enzyme which arrests hair loss problem and induces regrowth of hair.

It is enriched with Biotin, a B vitamin which strengthens brittle, weak hair strands. It stimulates the production of keratin which wraps the hair as a protective layer and increases hair elasticity.

Other ingredients of this powerful hair regrowth treatment to address bald spot on head of a woman or a man are Horsetail Nettle Extract, Green Tea Extract, Fo-TI, and Pygeum Bark Powder. They are blended to regenerate the hair follicles and stimulate hair regrowth.


Continuous use for 3 months shows visible results such as thicker hair, stop hair loss, and significant growth of hair.



This is a hair vitamin supplement that nourishes women’s thinning hair and promotes hair regrowth. Its active ingredients which include the exclusive AminoMar marine complex, Zinc, Iron, Biotin, Horsetail Extract, and Vitamin C work to nourish hair from within while making it gorgeously smooth and shiny on the outside.  It supplies essential nutrients to hair follicles and prolongs the anagen (growing) stage of the hair.


Final Words

Prevent hair loss by taking care of your crowning glory regularly and prevent male or female pattern baldness symptoms.


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