A bad hair day is a nightmare. No matter how great your outfit or skin looks, having bad hair can break your entire look.
Here are some of the top hair problems that you wouldn’t want to get:
- Hair lice
- Alopecia (hair loss)
- Hair fall
- Hair odor
- Dry hair
- Hair breakage
- Oily hair
- Split ends
Some of these problems have serious underlying causes that only a medical treatment can fix. But, some of these are preventable by proper care and maintenance.
LESSON #1 Rinse and soak your hair with lukewarm water
Before applying shampoo to your hair, it’s important to let it soak for at least a minute. It’s also crucial that you use lukewarm water. This will open up the pores on your scalp, thereby producing oils and other nasty things while washing.
NEVER use hot water on your hair. Intense heat can damage the hair follicles and scalp.
Simply turn the water heater on and check the temperature before getting into the shower. Make sure to rinse your hair well with water before using shampoo.
LESSON #2 Final rinse should be cold water
Rinse your hair with cold water after washing with shampoo or using conditioner. This will close the pores of the scalp after the lukewarm water wash. It seals the hair cuticles which makes them lay smoothly.
This is the same principle with washing your face with cold water. The hair would be shinier and silkier.
LESSON #3 Apply oil before shampooing
You may be thinking, “Why should I apply more oil to my hair when I’m trying to wash it away?” Washing hair that’s too dry and clean is unhealthy for your hair.
Your hair produces sebum, a type of oil that keeps your hair moisturized. protects your hair by preventing moisture from evaporating. This keeps your hair soft, hydrated, and healthy.
When the hair doesn’t have enough sebum, the hair can become too dry after shampooing. Applying oil before shampooing can keep the moisture in the hair.
TYPE OF OIL TO USE
But, you don’t want to use just any kind of oil. You have to use oil that can penetrate the hair. Go for coconut oil or olive oil. Apply the oil about 4 hours before washing. You can also apply oil before going to bed if you choose to wash your hair the next morning.
HOW MUCH OIL TO USE
The amount of oil you’ll use depends on the length of your hair and how oily it is. If you have oily hair, you may only add a few drops. If it’s long, you may need more oil. It will depend entirely on you so try to test it out until you get the best amount that will work for you.
HOW TO DO IT
Apply room temperature oil onto the hair. Then, cover it with a warm towel or a shower cap. This will help the oil spread through your hair evenly. Leave it for about 4 to 8 hours before shampooing.
You can do this method every time you wash your hair if it’s too dry. You can also do this weekly or twice a month. It will all depend on the severity of your hair damage.
LESSON #4 Detangle the hair before shampooing
Some people comb their hair after washing or detangling while washing. But, this is a big no-no. Combing or detangling the hair while wet can cause great breakage. Your hair is very fragile to breakage when wet.
You should comb or detangle the hair before washing or wetting the hair. It’ll be easier to detangle hair when you divide it into smaller sections.
Use your fingers or a wide-toothed comb. If possible, use a wooden comb. This will prevent any frizz and damage to your hair. Following this tip will make a great change to your hair regimen.
LESSON #5 Choose the best shampoo for your hair type
Hair is classified into different types. Each type requires a different type of hair product. You should choose the best kind of shampoo for your hair. You should also consider if your hair has a type of condition like dandruff.
Here’s a simple guide on choosing the best shampoo for different hair and scalp types:
- Oily scalps – choose volumizing, balancing, or strengthening shampoos; avoid smoothing, hydrating, or moisturizing shampoos.
- Dry scalps – choose hydrating, moisturizing, and smoothing shampoos; avoid strengthening, volumizing, and fortifying shampoos.
- Curly and coarse hair – choose hydrating or moisturizing shampoos.
- Limp or fine hair – choose volumizing shampoos.
- Damaged hair – choose fortifying or strengthening shampoos.
- Curly hair – choose intense moisturizing shampoos.
LESSON #6 Dilute your shampoo
If you’ve experienced hair problems from your shampoo such as flaking, don’t throw it immediately. Your shampoo may be too concentrated. Try diluting it in water to make thin it out before applying to your hair.
This trick may help prevent hair problems. If it continues, then swap it out with a less harsh product. You may also consider making your own shampoo at home! With a DIY shampoo, you can mix in natural ingredients that will fit your hair and scalp type perfectly.
LESSON #7 Avoid shampooing every day if possible
It’s recommended to only wash your hair every 3 days or more. Washing hair with shampoo and other products may damage the hair. It’s best to leave your hair’s natural sebum alone for a few days before washing. But, this still depends on some factors.
Hair and Scalp Type
Every type of hair requires a different approach. Dry scalps and thick stranded hair can skip washing for a few days. But, oily scalps and thin stranded hair may need washing every day.
Having an active lifestyle will require you to wash your hair more often. If you get sweaty, the pores of your scalp will clog up. This will make your hair and roots become dirty faster so you may need to wash every day. If you use a lot of hair product like hairspray, you’d need to wash it by the end of the day.
Natural Hair Color
Darker hair should receive less washing as well. Washing hair every day can wash off the pigments of the hair which may result in a lighter shade.
LESSON #8 Scrub and massage your scalp gently
NEVER apply too much pressure on your scalp while scrubbing. When shampooing, use small circular motions when scrubbing. Don’t use your fingernails. Instead, use the pads of your fingers.
Also, massage your scalp with the same circular motions. But, go back and forth from the front and back of your head. This will stimulate the scalp for healthier hair growth. It’ll also exfoliate dead skin cells.
LESSON #9 Use conditioner properly
Conditioners can protect and nourish your hair if used correctly. Here are some useful tips when applying conditioner to your hair after shampooing.
- Wring out excess water from your hair before conditioning.
- Do not apply conditioner to your scalps or roots. Instead, focus on the ends and the most damaged parts of your hair.
- Using a wide-toothed comb, spread the conditioner into the hair evenly.
- Let the conditioner sit depending on what type of product you’re using.
- Rinse out the product thoroughly using cold water. Your hair shouldn’t have any slippery texture after rinsing.
People with oily scalps should also use conditioners. You won’t need to conditioner your scalp because it’s your hair strands that need conditioning.
LESSON #10 Never shampoo twice
You may have heard some people say that you should shampoo your hair twice. But, this is harmful to your hair. Washing your hair twice can strip off the sebum and make your scalp dry. This will lead to bad hair health and growth.
Only wash your hair twice if:
- You applied oil to your hair, and it didn’t wash off completely.
- You used hair products that didn’t wash off completely the first time.
- You suffer from an oily scalp and your doctor recommended that it’s okay to wash twice.
LESSON #11 Filter your shower water
No matter how great your products are, washing with rusty and mineral-rich water can make your hair dull.
Try getting a shower filter that can remove the impurities in the water. You’ll immediately see the quick change in your hair routine once you do this.
LESSON #12 Don’t use too much product
If you’re thinking that more shampoo or conditioner is better, then think again. It doesn’t work that way. Applying too much will only make it hard to rinse off. Too much conditioner can also build-up in your hair which can cause different kinds of problems.
Always start with a small amount of shampoo or conditioner. You can always add more if needed.
LESSON #13 Wash your hair immediately after swimming
Don’t let the chlorine from pools or salt from the sea set in your hair. After taking a dip, immediately shampoo and conditioner your hair.
You should’ve applied a protective product before swimming. When washing, use a special type of shampoo for swimmers and a deep-conditioning product. These products will wash away the chlorine or salt and replenish the lost moisture.
LESSON #14 Consider using dry shampoo
Dry shampoo is a simple hair product in powder form used to absorb oil and dirt. You can use this in between your regular washing schedules. Dry shampoo is great especially when you need to clean your hair when you don’t want to wash it.
LESSON #15 Towel dry your hair
The best way to dry your hair is by using a towel. Air-drying your hair can make it into a dust magnet. Your hair is more prone to damage when wet so air-drying may not be advisable. Blow drying is also another way that can damage your hair. Applying heat to your wet hair can instantly damage it.
That’s why the best way to dry your hair is by towel drying. But, don’t be too harsh when towel drying your hair. Gently squeeze out the water using the towel. Also, use a soft, absorbent towel. Coarse towel textures can damage your hair, too.
It’s not very difficult to maintain any kind of hair. All you need is discipline and the right knowledge to know where to start. Follow these 15 lessons for a more beautiful and healthier hair.